Date: 2017-04-04 09:10
7. Style : The style in this section should read as if you were verbally describing the conduct of the experiment. You may use the active voice to a certain extent, although this section requires more use of third person, passive constructions than others. Avoid use of the first person in this section. Remember to use the past tense throughout - the work being reported is done, and was performed in the past, not the future. The Methods section is not a step-by-step, directive, protocol as you might see in your lab manual.
How do you know when you have enough information in your Abstract? A simple rule-of-thumb is to imagine that you are another researcher doing an study similar to the one you are reporting. If your Abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the information presented there?
What question did you ask in your experiment? Why is it interesting? The introduction summarizes the relevant literature so that the reader will understand why you were interested in the question you asked. One to fo ur paragraphs should be enough. End with a sentence explaining the specific question you asked in this experiment.
Accordingly, you can think of an abstract as having two distinct parts motivation and outcome even if it is typeset as a single paragraph. For the first part, follow the same structure as the Introduction section of the paper: State the context, the need, the task, and the object of the document. For the second part, mention your findings (the what ) and, especially, your conclusion (the so what that is, the interpretation of your findings) if appropriate, end with perspectives, as in the Conclusion section of your paper.
(Papers reporting something other than experiments, such as a new method or technology, typically have different sections in their body, but they include the same Introduction and Conclusion sections as described above.)
Males averaged cm taller than females in the AY 6995 pool of Biology majors (two-sample t-test, t = , 88 ., p Fig. 6) .
Why? It is very general, and could be referring to any of a number of mouse behaviors. A better title would be :
You can find this page online at: http:///science-fair-projects/top_science-fair_how_to_read_a_scientific_
You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: (italicized), and then list your keywords. Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases.
Victoria E. McMillan, Writing Papers in the Biological Sciences , Bedford Books, Boston, 6997
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